Thousands join pro-government rallies after protests die down in Iran

Thousands join pro-government rallies after protests die down in IranTens of thousands gathered across Iran on Wednesday in a massive show of strength for the regime after days of deadly unrest, with state television showing vast crowds marching through several cities.

Chants of “Leader, we are ready” were heard as images showed thousands rallying in the cities of Ahvaz, Kermanshah, Gorgan and elsewhere.

The demonstrators waved Iranian flags and pictures of supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, as well as placards saying “Death to seditionists”.

“We offer the blood in our veins to our leader,” was another popular chant.

There were few reports of anti-regime protests overnight after the political establishment closed ranks against the unrest since last week that has left at least 21 dead.

Washington continued to exert pressure on the Islamic republic, with its United Nations (UN) Ambassador Nikki Haley calling for emergency UN talks to discuss the situation.

“The people of Iran are crying out for freedom,” she said at a news conference. “All freedom-loving people must stand with their cause.”

Iran’s leaders have said the protests, which began over economic issues on December 28 but quickly turned more radical, were part of a foreign plot to destabilise the regime.

“The enemies have united and are using all their means, money, weapons, policies and security services to create problems for the Islamic regime,” Khamenei said.

“The enemy is always looking for an opportunity and any crevice to infiltrate and strike the Iranian nation.”

‘The poor under pressure’

Even reformists, who backed the last major protest movement against alleged election-rigging in 2009, condemned the violence and the support it has received from the United States (US).

But they also urged the authorities to address economic grievances that have fuelled the protests.

“Officials must acknowledge the deplorable situation of the country as the first step to hearing the protesters,” tweeted Mohammad Taghi Karroubi, whose father Mehdi Karroubi has been under house arrest for almost seven years for helping lead the 2009 demonstrations.

Many have been turned off by the violence, which contrasted with the largely peaceful marches in 2009.

But on the streets of the capital, there is widespread sympathy with the economic grievances driving the unrest, particularly an unemployment rate as high as 40 percent for young people.

“The poorer section of society is really under pressure,” Sakineh Eidi, a 37-year-old pharmacist in Tehran, told AFP. “But I don’t think it will continue.”

“Even those who maybe acted emotionally, vandalising things and setting fire to public property, know that the smoke will get into everyone’s eyes and that insecurity in the country is not in anyone’s interest.”

Others rejected the official line that foreign powers were behind the unrest.

“I don’t agree. People have reached a stage where they can no longer tolerate this pressure from the authorities. They have burst and are now out in the streets,” said Soraya Saadaat, a 54-year-old unemployed woman.

12 per cent unemployment

There were only limited reports of violence and clashes in provincial areas on the night between Tuesday and Wednesday.

Two men fired at a bank and police post in the central province of Isfahan, without causing casualties, said state television.

“No information has been published on clashes or arrests in Tehran,” said reformist news agency ILNAlate on Friday.

Police presence in the capital also appeared to have dwindled, official media and AFP journalists said.

That was in contrast with the previous two nights, when multiple deaths were reported across smaller towns, including six protesters killed during attacks on a police station in Isfahan province.

As the violence grew, authorities stepped up arrests, with at least 450 people detained in Tehran between Saturday and Monday, with many others in outlying areas.

Rouhani came to power in 2013 promising to mend the economy and ease social tensions, but high living costs and a 12 per cent unemployment rate have left many feeling that progress is too slow.

Rural areas, hit by years of drought and under-investment, are particularly hard-hit.

Rouhani on Sunday acknowledged there was “no problem bigger than unemployment”, and also promised a more balanced media and more transparency.

In 2009, authorities ruthlessly put down protests against the re-election of hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. At least 36 people were killed, according to an official toll, while the opposition says 72 died.

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