“Civilians have to be protected wherever they are, whether it is in Gaza, whether it is in Jammu and Kashmir, UN Secretary General

“Civilians have to be protected wherever they are, whether it is in Gaza, whether it is in Jammu and Kashmir, UN Secretary General
Islamabad: (Asghar Ali Mubarak) The UN Secretary General has said that the recent killing of civilians by Indian troops in occupied Kashmir needs to be investigated. “Civilians have to be protected wherever they are, whether it is in Gaza, whether it is in Jammu and Kashmir, whether it is in Yemen; it is a basic principle,” the UN Chief’s “Civilians have to be protected wherever they are, whether it is in Gaza, whether it is in Jammu and Kashmir, UN Secretary Generalspokesperson, Stephane Dujarric, said in reply to a reporter’s question during his daily briefing. “Any loss of civilians needs to be investigated wherever they occur,” he added. During protests in Srinagar on other day, Indian police intervened in the Polo View area as the demonstrators tried to move towards the UN office in Sonwar area. Stephane Dujarric said, “The Secretary-General is very concerned about the situation we see in Jammu and Kashmir.”“He reminds that member states are responsible under international humanitarian law to protect civilians,” he said, adding, “The Secretary-General reiterates his call on member states to find ways to address disputes in a peaceful manner.”On Sunday, at least 20 Kashmiris were killed by the Indian forces in Shopian and Islamabad districts of South Kashmir. Meanwhile the Pakistani Foreign Office on other day condemned “the use of brutal and indiscriminate force by India that resulted in the loss of lives of Kashmiri youth”.”This mindless killing spree exposes, yet again, the ugly, inhuman face of the state-terrorism that India has been perpetrating against the WhatsApp Image 2018-04-03 at 7.19.27 PM WhatsApp Image 2018-04-03 at 7.19.28 PM WhatsApp Image 2018-04-03 at 7.19.29 PM WhatsApp Image 2018-04-03 at 7.19.34 PMKashmiris for decades,” read a statement issued by the Foreign Office.”We have repeatedly pointed out that the Kashmiri youth is being deliberately and systematically targeted with a view to breaking the will of the Kashmiri people. However, such cowardly actions of the occupying forces only serve to fortify the resolve of the Kashmiri people,” the FO spokesperson was quoted as saying. It further stressed that “no amount of Indian propaganda to paint the legitimate and indigenous Kashmiri struggle as terrorism could succeed in misleading the world.”Kashmiris have been fighting for decades for independence or for a merger with Pakistan. Last year was the deadliest of this decade in the region, with more than 200 alleged militants killed in a counter-insurgency offensive dubbed “Operation All Out”. That upsurge in violence has escalated in 2018, with 51 alleged militants already killed this year. The weekend clashes were the worst since a three-day skirmish in the forests of northern Kashmir last month left ten dead ─ five unidentified militants and five government forces, according to officials. The Indian security 20 forces killed at least 20 innocent Kashmiri youth in gun battles on other day in southern Kashmir, the worst violence in the region this year. When hundreds of people came out on the streets of Kachdoora village in Shopian district to try to halt a gun battle between Kashmiri youth and security forces. In occupied Kashmir, a protest march will be conducted towards Shopian, tomorrow, to express solidarity with the victim families of the massacre carried out by the Indian troops on Sunday.Call for the march has been given by the Joint Resistance Leadership comprising Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Muhammad Yasin Malik. The Hurriyat leaders will address a public rally in Shopian town. The JRL termed as cruel and inhuman the act of making a local resident Mushtaq Ahmed Thoker human shield by the Indian troops before he was killed on Sunday.One more youth injured in the firing of Indian troops on protesters, yesterday, succumbed to his injuries, today, raising the death toll in the ongoing massacre to 20.The Chairman of All Parties Hurriyat Conference, Syed Ali Gilani, in a statement said that India had declared a war against the unarmed Kashmiri civilians. He said that the abduction of martyred Mushtaq Ahmad Thoker by the troops to make him human shield vindicated the Hurriyat claim that Indian forces were involved in war crimes and were patronized and encouraged by Indian leadership.Meanwhile, complete shutdown continued on the third consecutive day, today, to mourn the massacre of youth in South Kashmir. The shutdown was also observed in far-off areas of Doda, Kishtwar, Bhaderwah and Banihal in the Jammu region. The puppet authorities continued to impose restrictions across the territory to prevent anti-India protests. They continued to suspend internet and train services, while all schools and colleges remained closed in the Kashmir Valley. The Kashmir University postponed all the exams scheduled for today.Almost all resistance leaders including Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Muhammad Ashraf Sehrai, Muhammad Yasin Malik, Ghulam Ahmed Gulzar, Hakeem Abdul Rasheed, Bilal Siddiqi, Umar Adil Dar, Muhammad Ashraf Laya, Mukhtar Ahmed Waza, Zafar Akbar Butt and Javaid Ahmed Mir continued to remain under house arrest or in custody. The Indian police raided the residence of APHC leader, Muhammad Yousuf Naqash, in Srinagar.Delegations of Democratic Freedom Party, Jammu and Kashmir Salvation Movement and Tehreek Mazahamat visited families of martyrs in different areas of South Kashmir and expressed solidarity with them. Kashmir Tehreek-e-Khawateen held anti-India protests in Srinagar.Kashmiri representatives, Barrister Abdul Majeed Tramboo and Professor Nazir Ahmad Shawl, in their letters urged the OIC Secretary General, Dr Yousef Ahmad Al-Othaimeen, President of European Parliament, Antonio Tajani and British parliamentarians to condemn the Bloody Sunday massacre, perpetrated by Indian troops in occupied Kashmir. In occupied Kashmir, delegations of Jammu and Kashmir Salvation Movement, Tehreek Mazahamat and Democratic Freedom Party visited families of martyrs in different areas of South Kashmir to express solidarity with them.The JKSM delegation comprised Ghazi Javid Baba, Aijaz Ahmad and others. Another delegation of the party visited Bone and Joints Hospital and SMHS Hospital in Srinagar and enquired about the condition of scores of youth injured in the firing of the Indian troops on protesters in South Kashmir.Tehreek-e-Muzahamat delegation led by party General Secretary Muhammad Saleem Zargar met martyrs’ families and assured them that the whole population of Kashmir stood by them in this testing time. Saleem Zardar said that the sacrifices of the martyrs would not be allowed to go waste. The delegations visited Dragad, Kachdoora, Diyalgam and Kangan areas.The JKDFP delegation led by Engineer Farooq during its visit to martyrs’ families at Trenz, Safnagri, Pinjura, Nagbal, Sugan, Worepora and other places in Shopian reiterated that the mission of the martyrs would be accomplished at all costs. In occupied Kashmir, Kashmir Tehreek-e-Khawateen, a constituent of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference, held a demonstration at Press Enclave in Srinagar, today, and demanded immediate probe into the civilian killings in South Kashmir.The KTK Chairperson, Zamruda Habib, led the demonstration. Addressing the protesters, she also demanded intervention by the international community to stop bloodshed in the territory. The protesters raised slogans like “Go India go back” and “We want justice”.The APHC-AJK leader, Engineer Mushtaq Mehmood, led a protest march in Lahore against the killing of innocent people by the Indian troops in occupied Kashmir.In occupied Kashmir, the Awami Ittihad Party Chairman and member of the so-called Kashmir Assembly, Engineer Abdur Rasheed has said that India has lost moral battle as people’s support have increased manifold for the youth, who are surrounded during cordon and search operations by the Indian troops.Er Abdur Rasheed made these remarks during a sit-in at the Residency Road in Srinagar against the civilian killings in Shopian.Rasheed, who was joined by dozens of his supporters, raised pro-plebiscite slogans during the protest. He said that people were extending full support to the youth during gunfights. “India has lost the moral battle in Kashmir,” he added.He also asked India to resume dialogue with Pakistan to settle the Kashmir dispute. He said the only resolution to the Kashmir dispute lies in holding referendum in Jammu and Kashmir.Meanwhile, the All Parties Sikh Coordination Committee (APSCC) Chairman, Jagmohan Singh Raina in a statement also expressed concern over the civilian killings in the occupied territory. He said, “It is sad that young lives are lost in the Kashmir Valley on daily basis.”In occupied Kashmir, the Awami Action Committee (AAC), headed by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, while expressing serious concern over the painful situation in the territory has said that under a well-thought out plan, Indian forces are subjecting Kashmir’s young generation to the worst genocide.The Awami Action Committee in a statement issued in Srinagar deplored that occupied Kashmir had been turned into a police state. It termed the killing of 19 people and injuries to over 200 in South Kashmir by the Indian troops as an act of war crime.The AAC paid rich tributes to all the martyrs and prayed for the speedy recovery of all the injured. It said that the Indian forces’ personnel were selectively killing Kashmir’s young boys at will due to the unbridled powers enjoyed by them under the draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA). It said time and venue for the bloodbath is also selected by the forces themselves as they know that no one is going to make them accountable.The AAC said the killing of innocent civilians can’t be tolerated for long and that Kashmir is a political and human issue which needs to be resolved through tripartite talks involving Pakistan, India and the genuine Kashmiri leadership in line with the relevant UN resolutions.The AAC also strongly condemned the puppet authorities for continuously placing Mirwaiz Umar Farooq under house detention and converting entire South Kashmir into a military garrison.On the other hand, Deputy Grand Mufti of Kashmir, Mufti Nasir-ul-Islam addressing a meeting of Muslim Personal Law Board in Srinagar while condemning the Indian state terrorism in occupied Kashmir urged the international community to intervene for the safety of the lives of Kashmiri people. He warned India of dire consequences if bloodshed in occupied Kashmir was not stopped. Representatives of civil society and board members participated in the meeting. The meeting was held at the instruction of Grand Mufti, Mufti Bashir-ud-Din.The Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference President, Merajuddin Soleh, in a statement said that the Kashmiris were offering sacrifices in the path of freedom struggle. He urged Indian rulers to shun obduracy and act positively to resolve the Kashmir dispute.The Chairman of Jammu Kashmir Employees Movement, Muhammad Shafi Lone, in a statement also condemned the killing of innocent people by the Indian troops.In occupied Kashmir, complete shutdown continued on the third consecutive day, today, to mourn the killing of people by the Indian forces.Call for the shutdown was given by the Joint Resistance Leadership (JRL) comprising Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Muhammad Yasin Malik.The puppet authorities continued to impose restrictions across occupied Kashmir by deploying Indian troops and police personnel in strength to prevent people from staging demonstrations against the killings. The authorities had also put almost all resistance leaders including Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Muhammad Ashraf Sehrai, Muhammad Yasin Malik, Ghulam Ahmed Gulzar, Hakeem Abdul Rasheed, Bilal Siddiqi, Umar Adil Dar, Muhammad Ashraf Laya, Mukhtar Ahmed Waza, Zafar Akbar Butt and Javaid Ahmed Mir under house arrest or in custody to stop them from visiting the families of the martyrs and expressing solidarity with them. The Indian police also raided the residence of APHC leader, Muhammad Yousuf Naqash, in Srinagar and harassed his family members.Shutdown was also observed, today, in Doda, Kishtwar, Bhaderwah and Banihal areas of Jammu region against the killings in the Kashmir Valley.The occupation authorities also continued to suspend internet and train services besides ordering closure of schools and colleges in the Kashmir Valley to stop students from registering their protest against the bloodbath carried out by the troops. The Kashmir University had also postponed all the exams scheduled for today.Meanwhile, one more youth injured in the firing of Indian troops on protesters on Monday succumbed to his injuries, today. This raised the death toll in the ongoing massacre by the Indian troops in the occupied territory to 18.It’s 70 years since the first shots were fired in the still unresolved conflict over the status of Kashmir. The dispute is a legacy of the partition that accompanied Britain’s withdrawal from India in 1947. The Human rights abuses in the Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir state are an ongoing issue. The abuses range from mass killings, enforced disappearances, torture, rape and sexual abuse to political repression and suppression of freedom of speech. The Indian Army, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Personnel (BSF) and various separatist militant groups have been accused and held accountable for committing severe human rights abuses against Kashmiri civilians. Crimes by militants are said to be incomparable with the larger scale abuse by Indian state forces. The human rights observer groups reports says that more than 100,000 people have died since 1989 while the official figures from Indian sources state the estimates of number of civilians killed due to the insurgency in the range of 16,725 to 47,000 civilians, in which 3,642 civilians were killed by security forces. The Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society organization states that there have been over 70,000 killings, 8000 plus forced disappearances, mass torture and sexual violence, the majority committed by Indian armed forces, and that these cases have had zero prosecution in civilian courts. India has committed genocide of Kashmiri Muslims to quell their uprising. In a 1993 report, Human Rights Watch stated that Indian security forces “assaulted civilians during search operations, tortured and summarily executed detainees in custody and murdered civilians in reprisal attacks”; according to the report, militants had also targeted civilians, but to a lesser extent than security forces. Rape was regularly used as a means to “punish and humiliate” communities. . The report says it is used as a weapon of war by the state against the population. A 2010 US state department report stated that the Indian army in Jammu and Kashmir had carried out extrajudicial killings of civilians and suspected insurgents. The report also described killings and abuse being carried out by separatists. In 2010, statistics presented to the Indian government’s Cabinet Committee on Security showed that for the first time since the 1980s, the number of civilian deaths attributed to the Indian forces was higher than those attributed to insurgents’ actions. A report by the US State Department said, “Indian authorities use Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) to avoid holding its security forces responsible for the deaths of civilians in Jammu and Kashmir.”Both India and Pakistan claim the region, and both are now equipped with nuclear arsenals. Since 1947, they have fought four wars – the most recent being the Kargil conflict in 1999 – of which three have been fought principally in or about Kashmir. Under the terms by which Britain brought an end to the Raj, it was up to princely rulers to decide whether to accede to India or Pakistan. Jammu and Kashmir was one of the few princely states adjoining both new dominions where there was a real decision to be made.In 1947, its maharajah was a Hindu but more than three-quarters of his subjects were Muslims. He delayed signing up to either India or Pakistan, hoping that he might be able to achieve independence. But in October 1947, the princely state was invaded by fighters from the tribal areas in north-west Pakistan. They wanted to overthrow the maharajah and claim Kashmir for Pakistan, and were motivated by both jihads. The maharajah appealed for Indian support in repulsing the tribesmen and fled from Srinagar to his heartland of Jammu. He also signed the instrument of accession by which his state became part of India. The first Indian troops flew into the Kashmir Valley shortly after dawn on October 27 1947. The airfield at Srinagar, the Kashmiri capital, could only take small planes. At most, 300 Indian troops a day could land there, transported in planes requisitioned from commercial airlines. India’s military deployment had the backing of the maharajah’s principal opponent, a charismatic, left-leaning Kashmiri nationalist named Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, who became Kashmir’s dominant political figure. Indian troops succeeded in repulsing the invaders from the Kashmir Valley, but not from all of the princely state, and the conflict escalated into the first war between India and Pakistan. The United Nations helped to delineate a ceasefire line, in effect a partition of Kashmir, and sent military observers. They are still there, and the plebiscite mandated in UN resolutions to give Kashmiris a choice between India and Pakistan has never been held.When General Pervez Musharraf was in power in Pakistan from 2001 to 2008, progress was made towards a deal over Kashmir. The Pakistani leader greatly reduced support for groups and proposed that the ceasefire line or line of control should become a permeable border, along with steps towards greater autonomy and the withdrawal of troops. India was receptive, but the moment was lost when Musharraf resigned from office in 2008.The large military presence in the Kashmir Valley, along with alleged human rights abuses, has stirred disaffection. In 2010, thousands of young Kashmiris took to the streets to protest against Indian rule. They threw stones while the security forces responded with pellet guns and bullets. About 120 Kashmiris were killed over that summer, which contributed to the radicalizing of a new generation. Last year, protests prompted by the killing of a young and popular armed separatist led to violence. With continued violence and state terrorism by Indian occupied forces in Kashmir the threat of a clash between India and Pakistan is high. Both have maintained a fragile ceasefire since 2003 but still exchange fire across the contested border. Any conflict between these two countries is likely to be extremely bloody .India and Pakistan has fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War of 1999.The two countries have also been involved in several skirmishes over control of the Siachen Glacier. Even before India and Pakistan gained independence from Britain in August 1947, Kashmir was a source of contention. British rule in India ended in 1947 with the creation of new states: the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India, as the successor states to British India. The British Paramount over the 562 Indian princely states ended. According to the Indian Independence Act 1947, states were thereafter left to choose whether to join India or Pakistan or to remain independent. Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Kashmir, was Hindu while most of his subjects were Muslim. Unable to decide which nation Kashmir should join, Hari Singh chose to remain neutral. This came to an end in 1947, though, when Pakistani side Muslim tribesmen, leading Singh to sign the Instrument of Accession, ceding Kashmir to India on October 26.This sparked a bloody war between 1947 and 1948.Another war followed in 1965, while in 1999 India battled a brief but bloody clash with Pakistani-sponsored powers. At that point, India and Pakistan had both announced themselves to be nuclear armed. Simply put: a large proportion of the people in the territory do not want it to be governed by India. They prefer instead either independence or union with Pakistan. It is a complicated matter, given the population of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir is more than 60 per cent Muslim. This makes it the only state within India where Muslims are in the majority. India claims the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir, and, as of 2010, administers approximately 43 per cent of the region.It controls Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh, and the Siachen Glacier.India’s claims are contested by Pakistan, which administers approximately 37 per cent of Jammu and Kashmir, namely Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.To complicate matters further, China currently administers Demchok district, the Shaksgam Valley, and the Aksai Chin region. China’s claim over these territories has been disputed by India since China took Aksai Chin during the Sino-Indian War of 1962.Indian says that as the Maharaja Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession in October 1947, handing control of the Kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir over to India, the region is theirs.They further claim that the UN Resolution 1172 in 1948 accepted India’s stand regarding all outstanding issues between India and Pakistan. Pakistan is suggests according to the two-nation theory Kashmir should have been with Pakistan, because it has a Muslim majority. India has shown disregard to the resolutions of the UN Security Council, Pakistan claims, and the United Nations Commission in India and Pakistan, by failing to hold a plebiscite.Pakistan rejects Indian claims to Kashmir and claims that the Maharaja handed over control of Jammu and Kashmir under duress, thus invalidating the legitimacy of the claims.Since the 1989– 42 years after the partition – there are estimated to be at least 70,000 dead and 8,000 missing by local human rights group CCS.
Kashmiris face life alongside a huge military presence and ongoing militia operations even today.
Although a ceasefire agreement was made between India and Pakistan in 2003, and the 2000s saw internal violence largely give way to non-violent protest, the calm is often punctuated by military and insurgent operations from both sides.Although thousands of people have died as a result of the turmoil in Jammu and Kashmir, the conflict has become less deadly in recent years.India and Pakistan did concur a truce in 2003 following years of conflict along the accepted border (formally known as the Line of Control).Pakistan later guaranteed to quit financing radicals in the domain while India offered them a pardon on the off chance that they repudiated militancy.The fear of a full-scale war (with nuclear capability adding a deadly dimension), coupled with precarious economies and the knowledge of what international sanctions could do to them, may have prevailed in both countries.The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in 1947. China has at times played a minor role. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War of 1999. The 2016 to 2018 unrest in Kashmir, known as the Burhan aftermath, refers to a series of violent protests in the Kashmir Valley of the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir. It started with the killing of Burhan Wani, a freedom fighter by Indian security forces on 8th July 2016. After his killing, anti-Indian protests started in all 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. Protesters defied curfew with attacks on security forces. On 11 July, the then Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in a statement expressed “shock” over the killing of Burhan Wani and other civilians by the Indian security forces. He also said that it was “deplorable that excessive and unlawful force was used against the civilians”. The Indian government responded by saying that the Pakistan government’s view on Wani’s killing reflected its association with terrorism and advised it to refrain from interfering in the internal affairs of India. On 13rd July the former Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff Raheel Sharif condemned the killings of protesters by Indian security forces. The former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif declared Wani as a “martyr” on 15 July and said 19 July will be held as a “black day” to express solidarity with Kashmiri people. The Indian Ministry of External Affairs in response criticized Pakistan for “glorifying” terrorists belonging to proscribed terrorist organizations. The observance of the “black day” was postponed by Pakistan’s government to 20 July while 19 July was instead observed as “Kashmir’s Accession Day” to Pakistan. A rally called “Kashmir Caravan” organized by Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) was launched on 19 July at Lahore in support of the freedom demands of the Kashmiri people. The “black day” was observed by Pakistan’s government on 20 July as scheduled. All government officials were directed to wear black arm bands and prayers for Kashmiris were scheduled during the afternoon. In addition, all diplomatic missions of Pakistan were scheduled to hold special ceremonies to highlight the issue and overseas Pakistanis hold demonstrations outside offices of United Nations around the world. In a special message, former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif said that India had no option but to accept “defeat” in front of the “freedom wave” in Kashmir.The former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif declared that Pakistan will approach the United Nations Human Rights Council on behalf of itself and Organization of Islamic Cooperation to request it to send a fact-finding team over the killings of civilians in Kashmir and banning the use of pellet guns on them. Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United Nations Maleeha Lodhi met with UN officials on 19 July in which she briefed them on the situation in Kashmir and forwarded letters by Adviser to the Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz who raised the issue of civilians being killed during the unrest and said that fundamental human rights of Kashmiris were being violated.On 1st August, the Parliament of Pakistan unanimously passed a resolution criticizing the alleged human rights violations in Kashmir by Indian security forces during the unrest and demanded the UNHRC to send a team to the region to investigate it. On 3rd August, ahead of the SAARC Interior Ministers’ Conference, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif called the situation “a new wave of freedom movement,” and said, “The Kashmiri youth are writing new chapters of sacrifices to get the right to self determination.” On 6 August, Pakistan’s government also offered to provide medical treatment to people injured in the unrest and requested on the international community to ask the Indian government to allow it to provide treatment to injured Kashmiris which were disparagingly rejected by the Indian government. On 26 August, Sartaj Aziz met ambassadors of United Nations Security Council and European Union. In the meeting, he briefed the ambassadors about the “killings and human rights violations” by Indian security forces in Kashmir and deplored the use of “lethal force” against innocent civilians. On 1st September, Foreign Office Spokesperson stated that Nawaz Sharif had written another letter to Ban Ki-moon alleging the situation in Kashmir was deteriorating and requested him for sending a fact-finding mission to probe alleged human rights violations in the region. On 6th September, Awais Leghari who is a part of the delegation of 22 members of parliament selected to highlight the situation in Kashmir, briefed the presidents of Human Rights Council and International Committee of the Red Cross over the alleged human rights violations committed by Indian security forces in Kashmir during the unrest and spoke out against their use of pellet guns. On 7th September, General Raheel Sharif stated that the solution for the Kashmir issue lay in heeding to the voices of the Kashmiris and respecting their aspirations, not in firing bullets upon them. He also alleged that Kashmiris were suffering from “worst form of state terrorism” and “repression”.On 13 September 2016, Nawaz Sharif dedicated the festival of Eid al-Adha to “sacrifices of Kashmiris” and stated that their voices cannot be suppressed through force. President of Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain in a message also stated that people of Kashmiris were atrocities for their demands of self-determination and Pakistanis must support them. During his speech at the United Nations General Assembly on 21 September, Nawaz Sharif dubbed Burhan Wani as a “young leader” who had emerged as a symbol of the latest “Kashmiri Intifada” while calling for an independent inquiry into the alleged extrajudicial killings committed by Indian security forces in Kashmir.On 30 May 2017, the Punjab Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution demanding Pakistan’s federal government to immediately take up the issue of violence in Kashmir to the United Nations. The United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon conveyed his concern over the Kashmir tense situation as reported by his spokesperson Stephane Dujarricand called for maximum restraint from all parties. He also offered mediation between India and Pakistan for solving the Kashmir dispute, provided both countries agreed to his mediation. The United Nations Human Rights Commission requested the Indian government to let it visit Kashmir in order to investigate the alleged human rights abuses; however the request was unanimously rejected during a meeting on the unrest in New Delhi on 12 August by all political parties alleging it to be an interference in the country’s internal affairs. On 17 August, United Nations’ High Commissioner for Human Rights Prince Zeid bin Ra’ad appealed to the Indian and Pakistani governments to allow its observers access to the region. On 12 August, Ban Ki-moon responded to a letter by Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on the Kashmir situation, stating: “I deplore the loss of life and hope that all efforts will be made to avoid further violence. The United Nations remains convinced that it is only through dialogue that the outstanding issues between Pakistan and India, including on Kashmir, can be addressed.” On 13 September, Prince Zeid again requested both the countries to grant unconditional access to observers for probing human rights violations in Kashmir.The United States Spokesperson John Kirby while briefing the media in Washington on 12 July said that the United States was concerned about the violence in Jammu & Kashmir during which 30 people have been killed by Indian forces. Kirby again addressed the situation in the valley during late July expressing his government’s concern about the violence in Kashmir and called on all sides to find a peaceful solution while stating that the American government was in close touch with the Indian government over the issue. Elizabeth Trudeau, Director, United States Press Office in the Department, who briefed the media on Thursday 14 July 2016, said that the US is concerned about the violence and deaths of civilians in Kashmir and stated that the US government was in touch with the Government of India as well as the Pakistan. According to a statement issued by the office of the Pakistani Prime Minister the Prime Minister met Senator John Kerry in September, and both of them expressed their “strong concern” over the violence in Kashmir, particularly the attack on an army base in Uri. On the contrary, the official press release by the US State department mentioned that Secretary Kerry reiterated the need for Pakistan to prevent all terrorists from using Pakistani territory as safe havens, while commending recent efforts by Pakistani security forces to counter extremist violence. In a statement issued by its spokesperson Michael Mann on 28 July, the European Union expressed its condolences to the civilians killed and injured during the unrest while urging the restoration of calm and maintenance of law and order in the state. He also urged India and Pakistan to involve people of Kashmir in the dialogue process over the state. In July 2016, Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s (OIC) Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission expressed serious concern over alleged human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir by the Indian military and Para-military forces. In August, OIC’s secretary-general Iyad bin Amin Madani during a press conference in Islamabad said human rights violations in Kashmir were “not an internal matter of the Indian state”, adding: “The international community should raise its voice against the atrocities in India-held Kashmir. The situation in Kashmir is heading towards a referendum. No one should be afraid of a referendum and the solution should be through the United Nations resolutions.”On 19 September, the OIC’s contact group on Kashmir met on the sidelines of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly. OIC’s secretary-general Iyad bin Amin Madani again expressed concerns over the situation in Kashmir and called for an immediate settlement of the dispute in accordance with wishes of Kashmiri people and resolutions of United Nations Security Council, while calling on India to immediately stop committing “atrocities” in Kashmir. The foreign minister of Turkey emphasized the need to resolve the dispute, while Azerbaijan’s foreign minister called on the OIC to explore “innovative means to highlight the human rights violations” occurring in Indian-administered Kashmir.The spokesman of China’s Foreign Ministry, Lu Kang, in a statement to the press, expressed the government’s concern over the casualties due to the unrest and called for a proper settlement of the Kashmiri issue through peaceful means. The Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu in a joint press conference with Pakistani Prime Minister’s foreign advisor Sartaj Aziz on 2 August said that his country backed Pakistan’s position of sending a team from the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation in order to probe the alleged human rights violations in Kashmir. He also said that his country hoped the Kashmir issue will be resolved through dialogue.A press release by Pakistan government mentioned that Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko during his visit to Islamabad in October 2016, exchanged views on the situation in Kashmir with his Pakistani counterpart, Nawaz Sharif. The two delegations released a joint statement underlining the “need for resolution of all outstanding issues between Pakistan and India including the Jammu and Kashmir dispute through peaceful means and in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions”.The Amnesty International accused Indian security forces were using “arbitrary and excessive force” to deal with the protests in Kashmir. It also stated that their actions were a violation of international standards and were leading to a worsening of the human rights crisis in the state. The organization also criticized the use of pellet guns stating they had been used a 100 times in Kashmir during the first week of September 2016 even though its use was meant to be rare. It called for their ban stating they were dangerous and also expressed concern at the deployment of PAVA shells in the state as they could be used in an “arbitrary or indiscriminate manner’’ While, following a seminar on human rights abuses in Kashmir, Amnesty International was accused of sedition in India.In July, the Human Rights Watch (HRW) urged Indian authorities to credibly and impartially investigate the use of lethal force in Kashmir. HRW’s South Asia Director Meenakshi Ganguly criticized India for previously ignoring “the finding of abuses under the draconian Armed Forces Special Powers Act”. Later in October, the HRW urged Indian authorities to end the use of the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA) to arbitrarily detain people, including children. The Human rights organizations like Amnesty International have asked the Indian government for prohibition on the use of pellet guns during street demonstrations against stone-throwing protesters. On 4 August, Amnesty International India called for a ban on the use of the guns following the death of a third person due to injuries inflicted by them. The Jammu and Kashmir High Court on 23 July advised the government to discontinue the use of pellet guns. On 26 July, the court demanded the Union Government to submit report on use of the guns by untrained personnel while disapproving of their use. It asked the government to only allow its use by trained personnel while also asking it to look into other means of crowd-control. The High Court issued notices to both the state and Union government asking them to file a response to a petition seeking ban on the guns. When Prasad was asked during an interview on 9 August about when will the CRPF stop using pellet guns, he replied it was like asking when you will stop beating your wife. In an affidavit filed before the court on 17 August, CRPF told the court that the guns were only used in extreme situations and their withdrawal will result in CRPF personnel resorting to the use of rifles which might lead to an increase in fatalities. The government-appointed panel submitted its report on 29 August, reportedly recommending nonivamide (PAVA) shells, stun lac shells and Long Range Acoustic Devices. It was also reported that a ban on pellet guns was ruled out with the use of weapons limited only to “rarest of rare” cases. On 6 September, the state government justified the use of pellet guns before the state’s high court stating they were a modern method to deal with violent protesters and contended that a court couldn’t recommend how law and order situations are to be handled. It also claimed that pellet guns were not compatible with the Standard Operating Procedure of firing below the knees as the pellets spread to a diameter of 6 meters when the gun is fired. On 10 September, V.K. Singh who is also the former chief of Indian Army supported the use of pellet guns stating they were non-lethal and it was a “sensible and well-thought” decision by the Home Ministry to use them. On 21 September, the state High Court rejected the petition regarding banning of guns, stating that the use of force was inevitable as long as unruly mobs indulged in violence. In February 2017, and the CRPF introduced deflectors as a modification for its pellet guns. The modification was introduced to make the guns less lethal while retaining their effectiveness. Curfew was imposed in all 10 districts of the valley on 15 July and mobile services were suspended by the government. Kashmir valley remained under 53 days of consecutive curfew which was lifted from all areas on 31 August, however was reimposed in some areas the next day. Jammu and Kashmir Police and Indian paramilitary forces used pellet guns, tear gas shells, rubber bullets, as well as assault rifles resulting in the deaths of more than 90 civilians with over 15,000 civilians injured and as the result of pellet guns, many people also got blind. Two security personnel also died while over 4,000 personnel were injured in the riots. The status of Kashmir has been a key dispute between India and Pakistan since the two split after the end of British colonial rule and each claimed the territory. They each control part of Kashmir and have fought two wars over their rival claims. Initially, the anti-India movement in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir was largely peaceful, but after a series of political blunders, broken promises and a crackdown on dissent, Kashmiris launched a full-blown armed revolt in 1989.The Kashmir dispute dates from 1947. The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. However, there remained the problem of over 650 states, run by princes, existing within the two newly independent countries.In theory, these princely states had the option of deciding which country to join, or of remaining independent. In practice, the restive population of each province proved decisive. The people had been fighting for freedom from British rule, and with their struggle about to bear fruit they were not willing to let the princes fill the vacuum. Although many princes wanted to be “independent” (which would have meant hereditary monarchies and no hope for democracy) they had to succumb to their people’s protests which turned violent in many provinces. Because of its location, Kashmir could choose to join either India or Pakistan. Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Kashmir, was Hindu while most of his subjects were Muslim. Unable to decide which nation Kashmir should join, Hari Singh chose to remain neutral.Last year On 26 June, 2017 only two hours before the meeting of the American President Donald Trump and the Indian PM Narindra Modi, the American State Department in its order “Diplomacy in Action” included the name of the Supreme Commander of Hizab-ul-Mujahidin Syed Salahuddin in that list which according to American term is called “Specially Designated Global Terrorist.” This term is defined in its order in this way, “Foreign persons who have committed, or pose a significant risk of committing acts of terrorism that threaten the security of US nationals or the national security, foreign policy, or economy of the United States.”The crimes that have been mentioned in this order do not have any relation to America, its security and the lives of Americans. It is stated in detail, “In September 2016, Salahuddin vowed to block any peaceful resolution of the Kashmir conflict, threatened to train more Kashmiri suicide bombers, and vowed to turn the Kashmir valley into ‘a graveyard for Indian forces. ’Under Salahuddin’s tenure as senior HM leader, HM has claimed responsibility for several attacks, including the April 2014 explosive attacks in Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir, which injured 17 people.” On the basis of this charge sheet it has been ordered, “Salahuddin has committed, or poses a significant risk of committing acts of terrorism.”If we analyze this order, it will be quite clear that it is absolutely against the rule of law and justice. America regards itself a champion of democracy and the rule of law. But now it is violating the rules of democracy, law and justice shamelessly. It is being committed only for obtaining economic benefits from India and for having political and regional interests. This purpose is being served by blaming the well-reputed and honorable personalities for terrorism. If we go through the order carefully, we come to know that no detail of the crimes and the risk of committing act of terrorism against America or American citizens of Syed Salahuddin have been given in it. The reason is obvious that the freedom movement of Kashmir is one of the few movements that are restricted to their particular regions. The target of this movement is to fight against the occupying forces and the achievement of the freedom.Hizab-ul-Mujahidin is an organization which has been demanding the right of self-determination according to the UN resolutions, the promises of India and the other nations of the world from the very first day. Syed Salahuddin adopted a popular democratic way for the achievement of the destination. He took part in the elections of 1987. In this way, he participated in the drama of democracy that was staged by the Indian Govt. Similarly, he followed all the rules that are given in the UN charter and international conventions on the next stages of the freedom movement. Even Hizab-ul-Mujahidin was never indulged in any activity against the occupying force outside the state of Jammu& Kashmir. It always supported the political struggle of Huriat Conference. In spite of all the transparent line of action and observation of the international codes, the declaration of the leader of Hizab-ul-Mujahidin to be a global terrorist is the worst example of terrorism. It proves that America is a partial and selfish state. It is not dependable. BBC London (Urdu Service) has pointed out this aspect in this way, “Syed Salahuddin is the leader of Hizab-ul-Mujahidin which is a local armed organization of Kashmiris. Hizab has never mentioned an international agenda in the previous 27 years. It has been demanding the right of self-determination according to the UN resolutions. It has kept a distance from Al-Qaida and ISIS openly.”The samereporter of BBC has expressed, “The local Kashmiri militants can raise the question on the advantages of the agenda after the proclamation of Salahuddin to be a terrorist. The armed resistance in Kashmir can be drawn on the lines of the resistance continued in Syria and Afghanistan. So, the movement of Kashmir which has a local role and agenda will find it better to be a part of the globalized jihadi network.” What will be the effect on Kashmir movement after the declaration of Salahuddin to be a terrorist? These are the facts. If America is trying to control the international terrorism with these measures or trying to increase it deliberately? Kashmiri mujahidin were never a danger for anyone on international level. They are still not a danger. Is America trying to make them a danger? The freedom movement of Kashmir and Hizab-ul-Mujahidin should be aware of the cheap game of India and America. They shouldn’t be trapped. It will be reasonable to raise the voice on the international forums and to convince the international opinion. But the real strength of the movement lies in its local, limited and fixed character. The role of the freedom movement and Hizab-ul-Mujahidin that has been continued from the beginning must be safeguarded. The America has tried to involve itself unnecessarily in the legal and genuine movement of resistance with this act or America has been trapped by India and is unaware of the influences and consequences of the step. Only one occupying force namely India has been the target of this movement up to this day. It was being expected that America will exercise its influence on India, keeping in view the justice, UN resolutions and its own promises. It will play its role according to the rules of justice to solve the issue. But this unjust step of America has damaged its position severely. This attitude of America is contrary to all expectations of poor and wretched Kashmiris.The Kashmiris have burnt the Indian flag only and raised their voice against the illegal occupation of India. They have targeted only those Indian forces that have been treating them cruelly. It is the cunning plan of India that America should also fall victim to the anger of Kashmiris. America has been trapped due to its foolishness. It should try to avoid the situation as soon as possible. I would like to appeal the leaders of the freedom movement of Kashmir that they should focus on the Indian Govt and the forces only. They should try to motivate America to play a role of a facilitator for the settlement of the issue. They should ignore the American act and continue the genuine struggle. If we go through the order carefully, it will become clear that Indian officials have used America for its purposes cleverly. India has used the false allegations. If these accusations are true then they belong to India only who has occupied the region. I am unable to understand that why America has tried to make itself a part of the Indian occupation foolishly? Why is he protecting India? It is better for regional and international peace that America should separate itself from the issue. There is a word in this order which has a great importance and reflects the UN stance. In the light of this word we can fail the Indian planning. It is the acknowledgement that Jammu& Kashmir is not a part of India but it is Indian administered Jammu & Kashmir. It means that it is a disputed territory and Indian administration is the result of Indian occupation. The future of the region is yet to be decided according to principle of the right of self-determination. It is the genuine solution to this issue. It is the slogan of the people of the Jammu & Kashmir, “Our issue is not related to finance, nor do we want to get the jobs. It is not the issue of political and social interests. It is the issue of the right of self-determination and freedom.” India has tried to create confusion with the smoke screen of the terrorism and concealing this fact. “What we want? Freedom only freedom.” It is the slogan of the people of Kashmir.

“Civilians have to be protected wherever they are, whether it is in Gaza, whether it is in Jammu and Kashmir, UN Secretary General
By;Asghar Ali Mubarak

The UN Secretary General has said that the recent killing of civilians by Indian troops in occupied Kashmir needs to be investigated. “Civilians have to be protected wherever they are, whether it is in Gaza, whether it is in Jammu and Kashmir, whether it is in Yemen; it is a basic principle,” the UN Chief’s spokesperson, Stephane Dujarric, said in reply to a reporter’s question during his daily briefing. “Any loss of civilians needs to be investigated wherever they occur,” he added. During protests in Srinagar on other day, Indian police intervened in the Polo View area as the demonstrators tried to move towards the UN office in Sonwar area. Stephane Dujarric said, “The Secretary-General is very concerned about the situation we see in Jammu and Kashmir.”“He reminds that member states are responsible under international humanitarian law to protect civilians,” he said, adding, “The Secretary-General reiterates his call on member states to find ways to address disputes in a peaceful manner.”On Sunday, at least 20 Kashmiris were killed by the Indian forces in Shopian and Islamabad districts of South Kashmir. Meanwhile the Pakistani Foreign Office on other day condemned “the use of brutal and indiscriminate force by India that resulted in the loss of lives of Kashmiri youth”.”This mindless killing spree exposes, yet again, the ugly, inhuman face of the state-terrorism that India has been perpetrating against the Kashmiris for decades,” read a statement issued by the Foreign Office.”We have repeatedly pointed out that the Kashmiri youth is being deliberately and systematically targeted with a view to breaking the will of the Kashmiri people. However, such cowardly actions of the occupying forces only serve to fortify the resolve of the Kashmiri people,” the FO spokesperson was quoted as saying. It further stressed that “no amount of Indian propaganda to paint the legitimate and indigenous Kashmiri struggle as terrorism could succeed in misleading the world.”Kashmiris have been fighting for decades for independence or for a merger with Pakistan. Last year was the deadliest of this decade in the region, with more than 200 alleged militants killed in a counter-insurgency offensive dubbed “Operation All Out”. That upsurge in violence has escalated in 2018, with 51 alleged militants already killed this year. The weekend clashes were the worst since a three-day skirmish in the forests of northern Kashmir last month left ten dead ─ five unidentified militants and five government forces, according to officials. The Indian security 20 forces killed at least 20 innocent Kashmiri youth in gun battles on other day in southern Kashmir, the worst violence in the region this year. When hundreds of people came out on the streets of Kachdoora village in Shopian district to try to halt a gun battle between Kashmiri youth and security forces. In occupied Kashmir, a protest march will be conducted towards Shopian, tomorrow, to express solidarity with the victim families of the massacre carried out by the Indian troops on Sunday.Call for the march has been given by the Joint Resistance Leadership comprising Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Muhammad Yasin Malik. The Hurriyat leaders will address a public rally in Shopian town. The JRL termed as cruel and inhuman the act of making a local resident Mushtaq Ahmed Thoker human shield by the Indian troops before he was killed on Sunday.One more youth injured in the firing of Indian troops on protesters, yesterday, succumbed to his injuries, today, raising the death toll in the ongoing massacre to 20.The Chairman of All Parties Hurriyat Conference, Syed Ali Gilani, in a statement said that India had declared a war against the unarmed Kashmiri civilians. He said that the abduction of martyred Mushtaq Ahmad Thoker by the troops to make him human shield vindicated the Hurriyat claim that Indian forces were involved in war crimes and were patronized and encouraged by Indian leadership.Meanwhile, complete shutdown continued on the third consecutive day, today, to mourn the massacre of youth in South Kashmir. The shutdown was also observed in far-off areas of Doda, Kishtwar, Bhaderwah and Banihal in the Jammu region. The puppet authorities continued to impose restrictions across the territory to prevent anti-India protests. They continued to suspend internet and train services, while all schools and colleges remained closed in the Kashmir Valley. The Kashmir University postponed all the exams scheduled for today.Almost all resistance leaders including Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Muhammad Ashraf Sehrai, Muhammad Yasin Malik, Ghulam Ahmed Gulzar, Hakeem Abdul Rasheed, Bilal Siddiqi, Umar Adil Dar, Muhammad Ashraf Laya, Mukhtar Ahmed Waza, Zafar Akbar Butt and Javaid Ahmed Mir continued to remain under house arrest or in custody. The Indian police raided the residence of APHC leader, Muhammad Yousuf Naqash, in Srinagar.Delegations of Democratic Freedom Party, Jammu and Kashmir Salvation Movement and Tehreek Mazahamat visited families of martyrs in different areas of South Kashmir and expressed solidarity with them. Kashmir Tehreek-e-Khawateen held anti-India protests in Srinagar.Kashmiri representatives, Barrister Abdul Majeed Tramboo and Professor Nazir Ahmad Shawl, in their letters urged the OIC Secretary General, Dr Yousef Ahmad Al-Othaimeen, President of European Parliament, Antonio Tajani and British parliamentarians to condemn the Bloody Sunday massacre, perpetrated by Indian troops in occupied Kashmir. In occupied Kashmir, delegations of Jammu and Kashmir Salvation Movement, Tehreek Mazahamat and Democratic Freedom Party visited families of martyrs in different areas of South Kashmir to express solidarity with them.The JKSM delegation comprised Ghazi Javid Baba, Aijaz Ahmad and others. Another delegation of the party visited Bone and Joints Hospital and SMHS Hospital in Srinagar and enquired about the condition of scores of youth injured in the firing of the Indian troops on protesters in South Kashmir.Tehreek-e-Muzahamat delegation led by party General Secretary Muhammad Saleem Zargar met martyrs’ families and assured them that the whole population of Kashmir stood by them in this testing time. Saleem Zardar said that the sacrifices of the martyrs would not be allowed to go waste. The delegations visited Dragad, Kachdoora, Diyalgam and Kangan areas.The JKDFP delegation led by Engineer Farooq during its visit to martyrs’ families at Trenz, Safnagri, Pinjura, Nagbal, Sugan, Worepora and other places in Shopian reiterated that the mission of the martyrs would be accomplished at all costs. In occupied Kashmir, Kashmir Tehreek-e-Khawateen, a constituent of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference, held a demonstration at Press Enclave in Srinagar, today, and demanded immediate probe into the civilian killings in South Kashmir.The KTK Chairperson, Zamruda Habib, led the demonstration. Addressing the protesters, she also demanded intervention by the international community to stop bloodshed in the territory. The protesters raised slogans like “Go India go back” and “We want justice”.The APHC-AJK leader, Engineer Mushtaq Mehmood, led a protest march in Lahore against the killing of innocent people by the Indian troops in occupied Kashmir.In occupied Kashmir, the Awami Ittihad Party Chairman and member of the so-called Kashmir Assembly, Engineer Abdur Rasheed has said that India has lost moral battle as people’s support have increased manifold for the youth, who are surrounded during cordon and search operations by the Indian troops.Er Abdur Rasheed made these remarks during a sit-in at the Residency Road in Srinagar against the civilian killings in Shopian.Rasheed, who was joined by dozens of his supporters, raised pro-plebiscite slogans during the protest. He said that people were extending full support to the youth during gunfights. “India has lost the moral battle in Kashmir,” he added.He also asked India to resume dialogue with Pakistan to settle the Kashmir dispute. He said the only resolution to the Kashmir dispute lies in holding referendum in Jammu and Kashmir.Meanwhile, the All Parties Sikh Coordination Committee (APSCC) Chairman, Jagmohan Singh Raina in a statement also expressed concern over the civilian killings in the occupied territory. He said, “It is sad that young lives are lost in the Kashmir Valley on daily basis.”In occupied Kashmir, the Awami Action Committee (AAC), headed by Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, while expressing serious concern over the painful situation in the territory has said that under a well-thought out plan, Indian forces are subjecting Kashmir’s young generation to the worst genocide.The Awami Action Committee in a statement issued in Srinagar deplored that occupied Kashmir had been turned into a police state. It termed the killing of 19 people and injuries to over 200 in South Kashmir by the Indian troops as an act of war crime.The AAC paid rich tributes to all the martyrs and prayed for the speedy recovery of all the injured. It said that the Indian forces’ personnel were selectively killing Kashmir’s young boys at will due to the unbridled powers enjoyed by them under the draconian law, Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA). It said time and venue for the bloodbath is also selected by the forces themselves as they know that no one is going to make them accountable.The AAC said the killing of innocent civilians can’t be tolerated for long and that Kashmir is a political and human issue which needs to be resolved through tripartite talks involving Pakistan, India and the genuine Kashmiri leadership in line with the relevant UN resolutions.The AAC also strongly condemned the puppet authorities for continuously placing Mirwaiz Umar Farooq under house detention and converting entire South Kashmir into a military garrison.On the other hand, Deputy Grand Mufti of Kashmir, Mufti Nasir-ul-Islam addressing a meeting of Muslim Personal Law Board in Srinagar while condemning the Indian state terrorism in occupied Kashmir urged the international community to intervene for the safety of the lives of Kashmiri people. He warned India of dire consequences if bloodshed in occupied Kashmir was not stopped. Representatives of civil society and board members participated in the meeting. The meeting was held at the instruction of Grand Mufti, Mufti Bashir-ud-Din.The Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference President, Merajuddin Soleh, in a statement said that the Kashmiris were offering sacrifices in the path of freedom struggle. He urged Indian rulers to shun obduracy and act positively to resolve the Kashmir dispute.The Chairman of Jammu Kashmir Employees Movement, Muhammad Shafi Lone, in a statement also condemned the killing of innocent people by the Indian troops.In occupied Kashmir, complete shutdown continued on the third consecutive day, today, to mourn the killing of people by the Indian forces.Call for the shutdown was given by the Joint Resistance Leadership (JRL) comprising Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq and Muhammad Yasin Malik.The puppet authorities continued to impose restrictions across occupied Kashmir by deploying Indian troops and police personnel in strength to prevent people from staging demonstrations against the killings. The authorities had also put almost all resistance leaders including Syed Ali Gilani, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Muhammad Ashraf Sehrai, Muhammad Yasin Malik, Ghulam Ahmed Gulzar, Hakeem Abdul Rasheed, Bilal Siddiqi, Umar Adil Dar, Muhammad Ashraf Laya, Mukhtar Ahmed Waza, Zafar Akbar Butt and Javaid Ahmed Mir under house arrest or in custody to stop them from visiting the families of the martyrs and expressing solidarity with them. The Indian police also raided the residence of APHC leader, Muhammad Yousuf Naqash, in Srinagar and harassed his family members.Shutdown was also observed, today, in Doda, Kishtwar, Bhaderwah and Banihal areas of Jammu region against the killings in the Kashmir Valley.The occupation authorities also continued to suspend internet and train services besides ordering closure of schools and colleges in the Kashmir Valley to stop students from registering their protest against the bloodbath carried out by the troops. The Kashmir University had also postponed all the exams scheduled for today.Meanwhile, one more youth injured in the firing of Indian troops on protesters on Monday succumbed to his injuries, today. This raised the death toll in the ongoing massacre by the Indian troops in the occupied territory to 18.It’s 70 years since the first shots were fired in the still unresolved conflict over the status of Kashmir. The dispute is a legacy of the partition that accompanied Britain’s withdrawal from India in 1947. The Human rights abuses in the Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir state are an ongoing issue. The abuses range from mass killings, enforced disappearances, torture, rape and sexual abuse to political repression and suppression of freedom of speech. The Indian Army, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Personnel (BSF) and various separatist militant groups have been accused and held accountable for committing severe human rights abuses against Kashmiri civilians. Crimes by militants are said to be incomparable with the larger scale abuse by Indian state forces. The human rights observer groups reports says that more than 100,000 people have died since 1989 while the official figures from Indian sources state the estimates of number of civilians killed due to the insurgency in the range of 16,725 to 47,000 civilians, in which 3,642 civilians were killed by security forces. The Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society organization states that there have been over 70,000 killings, 8000 plus forced disappearances, mass torture and sexual violence, the majority committed by Indian armed forces, and that these cases have had zero prosecution in civilian courts. India has committed genocide of Kashmiri Muslims to quell their uprising. In a 1993 report, Human Rights Watch stated that Indian security forces “assaulted civilians during search operations, tortured and summarily executed detainees in custody and murdered civilians in reprisal attacks”; according to the report, militants had also targeted civilians, but to a lesser extent than security forces. Rape was regularly used as a means to “punish and humiliate” communities. . The report says it is used as a weapon of war by the state against the population. A 2010 US state department report stated that the Indian army in Jammu and Kashmir had carried out extrajudicial killings of civilians and suspected insurgents. The report also described killings and abuse being carried out by separatists. In 2010, statistics presented to the Indian government’s Cabinet Committee on Security showed that for the first time since the 1980s, the number of civilian deaths attributed to the Indian forces was higher than those attributed to insurgents’ actions. A report by the US State Department said, “Indian authorities use Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) to avoid holding its security forces responsible for the deaths of civilians in Jammu and Kashmir.”Both India and Pakistan claim the region, and both are now equipped with nuclear arsenals. Since 1947, they have fought four wars – the most recent being the Kargil conflict in 1999 – of which three have been fought principally in or about Kashmir. Under the terms by which Britain brought an end to the Raj, it was up to princely rulers to decide whether to accede to India or Pakistan. Jammu and Kashmir was one of the few princely states adjoining both new dominions where there was a real decision to be made.In 1947, its maharajah was a Hindu but more than three-quarters of his subjects were Muslims. He delayed signing up to either India or Pakistan, hoping that he might be able to achieve independence. But in October 1947, the princely state was invaded by fighters from the tribal areas in north-west Pakistan. They wanted to overthrow the maharajah and claim Kashmir for Pakistan, and were motivated by both jihads. The maharajah appealed for Indian support in repulsing the tribesmen and fled from Srinagar to his heartland of Jammu. He also signed the instrument of accession by which his state became part of India. The first Indian troops flew into the Kashmir Valley shortly after dawn on October 27 1947. The airfield at Srinagar, the Kashmiri capital, could only take small planes. At most, 300 Indian troops a day could land there, transported in planes requisitioned from commercial airlines. India’s military deployment had the backing of the maharajah’s principal opponent, a charismatic, left-leaning Kashmiri nationalist named Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah, who became Kashmir’s dominant political figure. Indian troops succeeded in repulsing the invaders from the Kashmir Valley, but not from all of the princely state, and the conflict escalated into the first war between India and Pakistan. The United Nations helped to delineate a ceasefire line, in effect a partition of Kashmir, and sent military observers. They are still there, and the plebiscite mandated in UN resolutions to give Kashmiris a choice between India and Pakistan has never been held.When General Pervez Musharraf was in power in Pakistan from 2001 to 2008, progress was made towards a deal over Kashmir. The Pakistani leader greatly reduced support for groups and proposed that the ceasefire line or line of control should become a permeable border, along with steps towards greater autonomy and the withdrawal of troops. India was receptive, but the moment was lost when Musharraf resigned from office in 2008.The large military presence in the Kashmir Valley, along with alleged human rights abuses, has stirred disaffection. In 2010, thousands of young Kashmiris took to the streets to protest against Indian rule. They threw stones while the security forces responded with pellet guns and bullets. About 120 Kashmiris were killed over that summer, which contributed to the radicalizing of a new generation. Last year, protests prompted by the killing of a young and popular armed separatist led to violence. With continued violence and state terrorism by Indian occupied forces in Kashmir the threat of a clash between India and Pakistan is high. Both have maintained a fragile ceasefire since 2003 but still exchange fire across the contested border. Any conflict between these two countries is likely to be extremely bloody .India and Pakistan has fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War of 1999.The two countries have also been involved in several skirmishes over control of the Siachen Glacier. Even before India and Pakistan gained independence from Britain in August 1947, Kashmir was a source of contention. British rule in India ended in 1947 with the creation of new states: the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India, as the successor states to British India. The British Paramount over the 562 Indian princely states ended. According to the Indian Independence Act 1947, states were thereafter left to choose whether to join India or Pakistan or to remain independent. Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Kashmir, was Hindu while most of his subjects were Muslim. Unable to decide which nation Kashmir should join, Hari Singh chose to remain neutral. This came to an end in 1947, though, when Pakistani side Muslim tribesmen, leading Singh to sign the Instrument of Accession, ceding Kashmir to India on October 26.This sparked a bloody war between 1947 and 1948.Another war followed in 1965, while in 1999 India battled a brief but bloody clash with Pakistani-sponsored powers. At that point, India and Pakistan had both announced themselves to be nuclear armed. Simply put: a large proportion of the people in the territory do not want it to be governed by India. They prefer instead either independence or union with Pakistan. It is a complicated matter, given the population of the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir is more than 60 per cent Muslim. This makes it the only state within India where Muslims are in the majority. India claims the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir, and, as of 2010, administers approximately 43 per cent of the region.It controls Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, Ladakh, and the Siachen Glacier.India’s claims are contested by Pakistan, which administers approximately 37 per cent of Jammu and Kashmir, namely Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.To complicate matters further, China currently administers Demchok district, the Shaksgam Valley, and the Aksai Chin region. China’s claim over these territories has been disputed by India since China took Aksai Chin during the Sino-Indian War of 1962.Indian says that as the Maharaja Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession in October 1947, handing control of the Kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir over to India, the region is theirs.They further claim that the UN Resolution 1172 in 1948 accepted India’s stand regarding all outstanding issues between India and Pakistan. Pakistan is suggests according to the two-nation theory Kashmir should have been with Pakistan, because it has a Muslim majority. India has shown disregard to the resolutions of the UN Security Council, Pakistan claims, and the United Nations Commission in India and Pakistan, by failing to hold a plebiscite.Pakistan rejects Indian claims to Kashmir and claims that the Maharaja handed over control of Jammu and Kashmir under duress, thus invalidating the legitimacy of the claims.Since the 1989– 42 years after the partition – there are estimated to be at least 70,000 dead and 8,000 missing by local human rights group CCS.
Kashmiris face life alongside a huge military presence and ongoing militia operations even today.
Although a ceasefire agreement was made between India and Pakistan in 2003, and the 2000s saw internal violence largely give way to non-violent protest, the calm is often punctuated by military and insurgent operations from both sides.Although thousands of people have died as a result of the turmoil in Jammu and Kashmir, the conflict has become less deadly in recent years.India and Pakistan did concur a truce in 2003 following years of conflict along the accepted border (formally known as the Line of Control).Pakistan later guaranteed to quit financing radicals in the domain while India offered them a pardon on the off chance that they repudiated militancy.The fear of a full-scale war (with nuclear capability adding a deadly dimension), coupled with precarious economies and the knowledge of what international sanctions could do to them, may have prevailed in both countries.The Kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between India and Pakistan, having started just after the partition of India in 1947. China has at times played a minor role. India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir, including the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1947 and 1965, as well as the Kargil War of 1999. The 2016 to 2018 unrest in Kashmir, known as the Burhan aftermath, refers to a series of violent protests in the Kashmir Valley of the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir. It started with the killing of Burhan Wani, a freedom fighter by Indian security forces on 8th July 2016. After his killing, anti-Indian protests started in all 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. Protesters defied curfew with attacks on security forces. On 11 July, the then Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in a statement expressed “shock” over the killing of Burhan Wani and other civilians by the Indian security forces. He also said that it was “deplorable that excessive and unlawful force was used against the civilians”. The Indian government responded by saying that the Pakistan government’s view on Wani’s killing reflected its association with terrorism and advised it to refrain from interfering in the internal affairs of India. On 13rd July the former Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff Raheel Sharif condemned the killings of protesters by Indian security forces. The former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif declared Wani as a “martyr” on 15 July and said 19 July will be held as a “black day” to express solidarity with Kashmiri people. The Indian Ministry of External Affairs in response criticized Pakistan for “glorifying” terrorists belonging to proscribed terrorist organizations. The observance of the “black day” was postponed by Pakistan’s government to 20 July while 19 July was instead observed as “Kashmir’s Accession Day” to Pakistan. A rally called “Kashmir Caravan” organized by Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) was launched on 19 July at Lahore in support of the freedom demands of the Kashmiri people. The “black day” was observed by Pakistan’s government on 20 July as scheduled. All government officials were directed to wear black arm bands and prayers for Kashmiris were scheduled during the afternoon. In addition, all diplomatic missions of Pakistan were scheduled to hold special ceremonies to highlight the issue and overseas Pakistanis hold demonstrations outside offices of United Nations around the world. In a special message, former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif said that India had no option but to accept “defeat” in front of the “freedom wave” in Kashmir.The former Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif declared that Pakistan will approach the United Nations Human Rights Council on behalf of itself and Organization of Islamic Cooperation to request it to send a fact-finding team over the killings of civilians in Kashmir and banning the use of pellet guns on them. Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United Nations Maleeha Lodhi met with UN officials on 19 July in which she briefed them on the situation in Kashmir and forwarded letters by Adviser to the Prime Minister on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz who raised the issue of civilians being killed during the unrest and said that fundamental human rights of Kashmiris were being violated.On 1st August, the Parliament of Pakistan unanimously passed a resolution criticizing the alleged human rights violations in Kashmir by Indian security forces during the unrest and demanded the UNHRC to send a team to the region to investigate it. On 3rd August, ahead of the SAARC Interior Ministers’ Conference, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif called the situation “a new wave of freedom movement,” and said, “The Kashmiri youth are writing new chapters of sacrifices to get the right to self determination.” On 6 August, Pakistan’s government also offered to provide medical treatment to people injured in the unrest and requested on the international community to ask the Indian government to allow it to provide treatment to injured Kashmiris which were disparagingly rejected by the Indian government. On 26 August, Sartaj Aziz met ambassadors of United Nations Security Council and European Union. In the meeting, he briefed the ambassadors about the “killings and human rights violations” by Indian security forces in Kashmir and deplored the use of “lethal force” against innocent civilians. On 1st September, Foreign Office Spokesperson stated that Nawaz Sharif had written another letter to Ban Ki-moon alleging the situation in Kashmir was deteriorating and requested him for sending a fact-finding mission to probe alleged human rights violations in the region. On 6th September, Awais Leghari who is a part of the delegation of 22 members of parliament selected to highlight the situation in Kashmir, briefed the presidents of Human Rights Council and International Committee of the Red Cross over the alleged human rights violations committed by Indian security forces in Kashmir during the unrest and spoke out against their use of pellet guns. On 7th September, General Raheel Sharif stated that the solution for the Kashmir issue lay in heeding to the voices of the Kashmiris and respecting their aspirations, not in firing bullets upon them. He also alleged that Kashmiris were suffering from “worst form of state terrorism” and “repression”.On 13 September 2016, Nawaz Sharif dedicated the festival of Eid al-Adha to “sacrifices of Kashmiris” and stated that their voices cannot be suppressed through force. President of Pakistan Mamnoon Hussain in a message also stated that people of Kashmiris were atrocities for their demands of self-determination and Pakistanis must support them. During his speech at the United Nations General Assembly on 21 September, Nawaz Sharif dubbed Burhan Wani as a “young leader” who had emerged as a symbol of the latest “Kashmiri Intifada” while calling for an independent inquiry into the alleged extrajudicial killings committed by Indian security forces in Kashmir.On 30 May 2017, the Punjab Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution demanding Pakistan’s federal government to immediately take up the issue of violence in Kashmir to the United Nations. The United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon conveyed his concern over the Kashmir tense situation as reported by his spokesperson Stephane Dujarricand called for maximum restraint from all parties. He also offered mediation between India and Pakistan for solving the Kashmir dispute, provided both countries agreed to his mediation. The United Nations Human Rights Commission requested the Indian government to let it visit Kashmir in order to investigate the alleged human rights abuses; however the request was unanimously rejected during a meeting on the unrest in New Delhi on 12 August by all political parties alleging it to be an interference in the country’s internal affairs. On 17 August, United Nations’ High Commissioner for Human Rights Prince Zeid bin Ra’ad appealed to the Indian and Pakistani governments to allow its observers access to the region. On 12 August, Ban Ki-moon responded to a letter by Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on the Kashmir situation, stating: “I deplore the loss of life and hope that all efforts will be made to avoid further violence. The United Nations remains convinced that it is only through dialogue that the outstanding issues between Pakistan and India, including on Kashmir, can be addressed.” On 13 September, Prince Zeid again requested both the countries to grant unconditional access to observers for probing human rights violations in Kashmir.The United States Spokesperson John Kirby while briefing the media in Washington on 12 July said that the United States was concerned about the violence in Jammu & Kashmir during which 30 people have been killed by Indian forces. Kirby again addressed the situation in the valley during late July expressing his government’s concern about the violence in Kashmir and called on all sides to find a peaceful solution while stating that the American government was in close touch with the Indian government over the issue. Elizabeth Trudeau, Director, United States Press Office in the Department, who briefed the media on Thursday 14 July 2016, said that the US is concerned about the violence and deaths of civilians in Kashmir and stated that the US government was in touch with the Government of India as well as the Pakistan. According to a statement issued by the office of the Pakistani Prime Minister the Prime Minister met Senator John Kerry in September, and both of them expressed their “strong concern” over the violence in Kashmir, particularly the attack on an army base in Uri. On the contrary, the official press release by the US State department mentioned that Secretary Kerry reiterated the need for Pakistan to prevent all terrorists from using Pakistani territory as safe havens, while commending recent efforts by Pakistani security forces to counter extremist violence. In a statement issued by its spokesperson Michael Mann on 28 July, the European Union expressed its condolences to the civilians killed and injured during the unrest while urging the restoration of calm and maintenance of law and order in the state. He also urged India and Pakistan to involve people of Kashmir in the dialogue process over the state. In July 2016, Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s (OIC) Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission expressed serious concern over alleged human rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir by the Indian military and Para-military forces. In August, OIC’s secretary-general Iyad bin Amin Madani during a press conference in Islamabad said human rights violations in Kashmir were “not an internal matter of the Indian state”, adding: “The international community should raise its voice against the atrocities in India-held Kashmir. The situation in Kashmir is heading towards a referendum. No one should be afraid of a referendum and the solution should be through the United Nations resolutions.”On 19 September, the OIC’s contact group on Kashmir met on the sidelines of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly. OIC’s secretary-general Iyad bin Amin Madani again expressed concerns over the situation in Kashmir and called for an immediate settlement of the dispute in accordance with wishes of Kashmiri people and resolutions of United Nations Security Council, while calling on India to immediately stop committing “atrocities” in Kashmir. The foreign minister of Turkey emphasized the need to resolve the dispute, while Azerbaijan’s foreign minister called on the OIC to explore “innovative means to highlight the human rights violations” occurring in Indian-administered Kashmir.The spokesman of China’s Foreign Ministry, Lu Kang, in a statement to the press, expressed the government’s concern over the casualties due to the unrest and called for a proper settlement of the Kashmiri issue through peaceful means. The Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu in a joint press conference with Pakistani Prime Minister’s foreign advisor Sartaj Aziz on 2 August said that his country backed Pakistan’s position of sending a team from the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation in order to probe the alleged human rights violations in Kashmir. He also said that his country hoped the Kashmir issue will be resolved through dialogue.A press release by Pakistan government mentioned that Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko during his visit to Islamabad in October 2016, exchanged views on the situation in Kashmir with his Pakistani counterpart, Nawaz Sharif. The two delegations released a joint statement underlining the “need for resolution of all outstanding issues between Pakistan and India including the Jammu and Kashmir dispute through peaceful means and in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions”.The Amnesty International accused Indian security forces were using “arbitrary and excessive force” to deal with the protests in Kashmir. It also stated that their actions were a violation of international standards and were leading to a worsening of the human rights crisis in the state. The organization also criticized the use of pellet guns stating they had been used a 100 times in Kashmir during the first week of September 2016 even though its use was meant to be rare. It called for their ban stating they were dangerous and also expressed concern at the deployment of PAVA shells in the state as they could be used in an “arbitrary or indiscriminate manner’’ While, following a seminar on human rights abuses in Kashmir, Amnesty International was accused of sedition in India.In July, the Human Rights Watch (HRW) urged Indian authorities to credibly and impartially investigate the use of lethal force in Kashmir. HRW’s South Asia Director Meenakshi Ganguly criticized India for previously ignoring “the finding of abuses under the draconian Armed Forces Special Powers Act”. Later in October, the HRW urged Indian authorities to end the use of the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA) to arbitrarily detain people, including children. The Human rights organizations like Amnesty International have asked the Indian government for prohibition on the use of pellet guns during street demonstrations against stone-throwing protesters. On 4 August, Amnesty International India called for a ban on the use of the guns following the death of a third person due to injuries inflicted by them. The Jammu and Kashmir High Court on 23 July advised the government to discontinue the use of pellet guns. On 26 July, the court demanded the Union Government to submit report on use of the guns by untrained personnel while disapproving of their use. It asked the government to only allow its use by trained personnel while also asking it to look into other means of crowd-control. The High Court issued notices to both the state and Union government asking them to file a response to a petition seeking ban on the guns. When Prasad was asked during an interview on 9 August about when will the CRPF stop using pellet guns, he replied it was like asking when you will stop beating your wife. In an affidavit filed before the court on 17 August, CRPF told the court that the guns were only used in extreme situations and their withdrawal will result in CRPF personnel resorting to the use of rifles which might lead to an increase in fatalities. The government-appointed panel submitted its report on 29 August, reportedly recommending nonivamide (PAVA) shells, stun lac shells and Long Range Acoustic Devices. It was also reported that a ban on pellet guns was ruled out with the use of weapons limited only to “rarest of rare” cases. On 6 September, the state government justified the use of pellet guns before the state’s high court stating they were a modern method to deal with violent protesters and contended that a court couldn’t recommend how law and order situations are to be handled. It also claimed that pellet guns were not compatible with the Standard Operating Procedure of firing below the knees as the pellets spread to a diameter of 6 meters when the gun is fired. On 10 September, V.K. Singh who is also the former chief of Indian Army supported the use of pellet guns stating they were non-lethal and it was a “sensible and well-thought” decision by the Home Ministry to use them. On 21 September, the state High Court rejected the petition regarding banning of guns, stating that the use of force was inevitable as long as unruly mobs indulged in violence. In February 2017, and the CRPF introduced deflectors as a modification for its pellet guns. The modification was introduced to make the guns less lethal while retaining their effectiveness. Curfew was imposed in all 10 districts of the valley on 15 July and mobile services were suspended by the government. Kashmir valley remained under 53 days of consecutive curfew which was lifted from all areas on 31 August, however was reimposed in some areas the next day. Jammu and Kashmir Police and Indian paramilitary forces used pellet guns, tear gas shells, rubber bullets, as well as assault rifles resulting in the deaths of more than 90 civilians with over 15,000 civilians injured and as the result of pellet guns, many people also got blind. Two security personnel also died while over 4,000 personnel were injured in the riots. The status of Kashmir has been a key dispute between India and Pakistan since the two split after the end of British colonial rule and each claimed the territory. They each control part of Kashmir and have fought two wars over their rival claims. Initially, the anti-India movement in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir was largely peaceful, but after a series of political blunders, broken promises and a crackdown on dissent, Kashmiris launched a full-blown armed revolt in 1989.The Kashmir dispute dates from 1947. The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. However, there remained the problem of over 650 states, run by princes, existing within the two newly independent countries.In theory, these princely states had the option of deciding which country to join, or of remaining independent. In practice, the restive population of each province proved decisive. The people had been fighting for freedom from British rule, and with their struggle about to bear fruit they were not willing to let the princes fill the vacuum. Although many princes wanted to be “independent” (which would have meant hereditary monarchies and no hope for democracy) they had to succumb to their people’s protests which turned violent in many provinces. Because of its location, Kashmir could choose to join either India or Pakistan. Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Kashmir, was Hindu while most of his subjects were Muslim. Unable to decide which nation Kashmir should join, Hari Singh chose to remain neutral.Last year On 26 June, 2017 only two hours before the meeting of the American President Donald Trump and the Indian PM Narindra Modi, the American State Department in its order “Diplomacy in Action” included the name of the Supreme Commander of Hizab-ul-Mujahidin Syed Salahuddin in that list which according to American term is called “Specially Designated Global Terrorist.” This term is defined in its order in this way, “Foreign persons who have committed, or pose a significant risk of committing acts of terrorism that threaten the security of US nationals or the national security, foreign policy, or economy of the United States.”The crimes that have been mentioned in this order do not have any relation to America, its security and the lives of Americans. It is stated in detail, “In September 2016, Salahuddin vowed to block any peaceful resolution of the Kashmir conflict, threatened to train more Kashmiri suicide bombers, and vowed to turn the Kashmir valley into ‘a graveyard for Indian forces. ’Under Salahuddin’s tenure as senior HM leader, HM has claimed responsibility for several attacks, including the April 2014 explosive attacks in Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir, which injured 17 people.” On the basis of this charge sheet it has been ordered, “Salahuddin has committed, or poses a significant risk of committing acts of terrorism.”If we analyze this order, it will be quite clear that it is absolutely against the rule of law and justice. America regards itself a champion of democracy and the rule of law. But now it is violating the rules of democracy, law and justice shamelessly. It is being committed only for obtaining economic benefits from India and for having political and regional interests. This purpose is being served by blaming the well-reputed and honorable personalities for terrorism. If we go through the order carefully, we come to know that no detail of the crimes and the risk of committing act of terrorism against America or American citizens of Syed Salahuddin have been given in it. The reason is obvious that the freedom movement of Kashmir is one of the few movements that are restricted to their particular regions. The target of this movement is to fight against the occupying forces and the achievement of the freedom.Hizab-ul-Mujahidin is an organization which has been demanding the right of self-determination according to the UN resolutions, the promises of India and the other nations of the world from the very first day. Syed Salahuddin adopted a popular democratic way for the achievement of the destination. He took part in the elections of 1987. In this way, he participated in the drama of democracy that was staged by the Indian Govt. Similarly, he followed all the rules that are given in the UN charter and international conventions on the next stages of the freedom movement. Even Hizab-ul-Mujahidin was never indulged in any activity against the occupying force outside the state of Jammu& Kashmir. It always supported the political struggle of Huriat Conference. In spite of all the transparent line of action and observation of the international codes, the declaration of the leader of Hizab-ul-Mujahidin to be a global terrorist is the worst example of terrorism. It proves that America is a partial and selfish state. It is not dependable. BBC London (Urdu Service) has pointed out this aspect in this way, “Syed Salahuddin is the leader of Hizab-ul-Mujahidin which is a local armed organization of Kashmiris. Hizab has never mentioned an international agenda in the previous 27 years. It has been demanding the right of self-determination according to the UN resolutions. It has kept a distance from Al-Qaida and ISIS openly.”The samereporter of BBC has expressed, “The local Kashmiri militants can raise the question on the advantages of the agenda after the proclamation of Salahuddin to be a terrorist. The armed resistance in Kashmir can be drawn on the lines of the resistance continued in Syria and Afghanistan. So, the movement of Kashmir which has a local role and agenda will find it better to be a part of the globalized jihadi network.” What will be the effect on Kashmir movement after the declaration of Salahuddin to be a terrorist? These are the facts. If America is trying to control the international terrorism with these measures or trying to increase it deliberately? Kashmiri mujahidin were never a danger for anyone on international level. They are still not a danger. Is America trying to make them a danger? The freedom movement of Kashmir and Hizab-ul-Mujahidin should be aware of the cheap game of India and America. They shouldn’t be trapped. It will be reasonable to raise the voice on the international forums and to convince the international opinion. But the real strength of the movement lies in its local, limited and fixed character. The role of the freedom movement and Hizab-ul-Mujahidin that has been continued from the beginning must be safeguarded. The America has tried to involve itself unnecessarily in the legal and genuine movement of resistance with this act or America has been trapped by India and is unaware of the influences and consequences of the step. Only one occupying force namely India has been the target of this movement up to this day. It was being expected that America will exercise its influence on India, keeping in view the justice, UN resolutions and its own promises. It will play its role according to the rules of justice to solve the issue. But this unjust step of America has damaged its position severely. This attitude of America is contrary to all expectations of poor and wretched Kashmiris.The Kashmiris have burnt the Indian flag only and raised their voice against the illegal occupation of India. They have targeted only those Indian forces that have been treating them cruelly. It is the cunning plan of India that America should also fall victim to the anger of Kashmiris. America has been trapped due to its foolishness. It should try to avoid the situation as soon as possible. I would like to appeal the leaders of the freedom movement of Kashmir that they should focus on the Indian Govt and the forces only. They should try to motivate America to play a role of a facilitator for the settlement of the issue. They should ignore the American act and continue the genuine struggle. If we go through the order carefully, it will become clear that Indian officials have used America for its purposes cleverly. India has used the false allegations. If these accusations are true then they belong to India only who has occupied the region. I am unable to understand that why America has tried to make itself a part of the Indian occupation foolishly? Why is he protecting India? It is better for regional and international peace that America should separate itself from the issue. There is a word in this order which has a great importance and reflects the UN stance. In the light of this word we can fail the Indian planning. It is the acknowledgement that Jammu& Kashmir is not a part of India but it is Indian administered Jammu & Kashmir. It means that it is a disputed territory and Indian administration is the result of Indian occupation. The future of the region is yet to be decided according to principle of the right of self-determination. It is the genuine solution to this issue. It is the slogan of the people of the Jammu & Kashmir, “Our issue is not related to finance, nor do we want to get the jobs. It is not the issue of political and social interests. It is the issue of the right of self-determination and freedom.” India has tried to create confusion with the smoke screen of the terrorism and concealing this fact. “What we want? Freedom only freedom.” It is the slogan of the people of Kashmir.

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